Here are some important tips you need to know to not lose sight: The sight is one of our most precious senses and its organs, the eyes, deserve special care. We offer you the best tips to keep it in optimal condition for many years.
10 Important Tips You Need To Know To Not Lose Sight
1. When was the last time you went to the ophthalmologist?
If a few years ago, you probably need one immediately. It is advisable to have the first exam before three years to rule out refractive errors that can cause amblyopia or lazy eye, strabismus and different childhood or inherited pathologies. Subsequently, it is recommended:
- a review at age 20,
- two revisions in the 30s,
- a review every two or three years in the 40s
- and every year or two years from 65.
Remember that early diagnosis of serious eye diseases such as glaucoma or macular degeneration can be treated effectively if detected early.
2. Protect your eyes from the sun.
The sun is a vital factor for your health, especially for the formation of vitamin D. However, it is also the most harmful external factor for your eyes. The sun causes allergic reactions of the ocular surface, keratitis in the cornea and is shown to contribute to the development of cataracts and senile macular degeneration, among other diseases. Therefore, one of the best things you can do to preserve your healthy eyes is to wear sunglasses that have 100% ultraviolet protection . Use them whenever you are outside and not only in summer, but especially in outdoor sports.
3. Special care if you wear contact lenses.
Without a doubt, they are a great help for vision, but contact lenses should be worn responsibly and always having a pair of glasses correctly adjusted to alternate their use. This will allow your cornea and conjunctiva to recover from daily use. On the other hand, hygiene, frequent replacement and correct sterilization of your lenses , as well as their moderate use, will allow you to enjoy them for a longer time and with more health.
4. Lubricated eye, healthier eye.
As we age we can experience the symptoms of dry eye, especially itching, stinging, foreign body sensation and photophobia with a flushed appearance. This is because the tear film has lost its consistency to protect and nourish the cornea and conjunctiva of external and microbial agents. Most of the time it is because its composition is altered in percentage of mucus, fat and water, which leads to an evaporation of the tear film leaving the eye unprotected. Some frequent activities of your daily life such as the use of smartphones , tablet sand computers, driving or just watching television can make you need the usual use of artificial tears. Also avoid direct exposure of your eyes to cold or hot air conditioning in any circumstance.
5. Stop smoking.
Did you know that smoking increases the risk and accelerates the development of cataracts, senile macular degeneration and damages the macula and the optic nerve ? Not only lung cancer is an important reason to quit smoking; Your eye health will benefit greatly.
6. Talk to your family.
Many eye conditions and diseases are inherited. If, for example, you are diagnosed with glaucoma or another eye disease, share that information with your parents, uncles, siblings and children, because some of them could be affected without knowing it and, as always in medicine, the sooner it is diagnosed, You may better be treated by your ophthalmologist.
7. Take care, in general.
We already know that eating healthy, for example fruits and vegetables instead of processed foods or with excess fats, helps your health in general, but especially provides vitamin and minerals that will have a very positive effect on your eye health. Having healthy lifestyle habits, such as physical exercise, for example, increases blood circulation in our retina and can decrease intramuscular pressure , which specifically helps glaucoma patients. General and regular check-ups can also lead to the early detection of diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, rheumatic diseases or other systemic diseases that, if not detected, can lead to serious vision problems and, sometimes, irreversible effects.
8. At work.
If you work in construction, in factories with manufactured products or any type of machinery that gives off particles or high light intensity, you must wear eye protection glasses that meet the optimum standards of safety and hygiene at work. If you work with computers, read below.
9. Use of screens.
Computers do not produce blindness, but a series of discomforts and discomforts to vision . One of them is the excess in the time of effort to the near vision (excess of the accommodation) that can hinder the correct approach, reason why it is highly recommended the use of the near graduation for a better visual comfort. Another important consequence of prolonged attention is the decrease in flickering, which entails an evaporation of the tear film and, therefore, redness and irritation in a sustained manner. If you are a regular user of screens in your work, remember that the usual use of artificial tear will make your vision more comfortable.
We know from our ancestors that carrots are good for the eyes because they contain vitamin A that our retina needs, but we should not become obsessed with it because in our environment it is very difficult to have deficiencies in this vitamin. On the other hand, green leafy vegetables such as kale and spinach as well as blueberries are rich in lutein which, according to some studies, can reverse the symptoms of macular degeneration. It has also been shown that fatty acids such as fish omega-3 and olive oil can help prevent dry eye syndrome and senile macular degeneration.
Avoid processed or packaged foods that almost always carry vegetable oils with omega-6 acids that will counteract the positive effects of good omega-3 fatty acids.